Our body is covered in tiny pores or hair follicles which produce oil or sebum. This oil or sebum helps keep our face soft and moisturised. However, the pores or hair follicles may get blocked by oil, bacteria, dirt, and dead skin cells, which results in the development of whiteheads, blackheads, and pimples.
This blocking of pores is commonly referred to as acne. Acne tends to occur in areas with a large amount of oil glands such as the forehead, face, chest, shoulders, and upper back.
In Singapore, acne affects approximately 88% of youths (aged 13-19 years old). If you experienced acne-related issues as a teenager, the chances of you developing adult acne are higher — about 41% of adults with acne experienced this condition since they were adolescents.
While acne can affect anyone, there are certain factors that increase your risk of developing acne:
|1||Mild||Consists of mostly whiteheads and blackheads with a few papules and pustules.|
|2||Moderate||Consists of severe papules and pustules, usually on the face.|
|3||Moderately severe||Consists of numerous papules and pustules with the occasional cyst or nodule, affects face, back, and chest.|
|4||Severe||Consists of numerous painful pustules, cysts, and nodules.|
Beyond seeing a doctor, you should ensure you have these self-care techniques in line:
Clinically, acne caused by bacteria can be improved with medication. In suitable cases, lasers or other energy-based procedures can be used. Proper treatment planning aims to reduce active acne and prevent acne scarring.